Habits of Mind Programs

Learning and innovation skills are what separate students who are prepared for increasingly complex life and work environments in the 21st century from those who do not. Today’s life and work environments require far more than thinking skills and content knowledge.

Professor Art Costa, an Emeritus Professor of Education at California State University, designed the 16 Habits of MindTM back in 1990s. It is designed for the 21st Century Thinker and Doer. The recent release of the skills and attitudes valued by 21st century employers and the desired outcome of education by the MOE correlates extremely well with the 16 Habits of MindTM. The 16 Habits of MindTM also serve well to build the social and emotional competencies of a child.

Habits of MindTM are thinking depositions towards behaving intelligently when one is confronted with problems with no apparent solutions. In teaching for Habits of Mind, we are interested in not only how many answers our students know but also how the students behave when they do not have the answers. A critical attribute of intelligent human beings is not only having information, but also knowing how to act on it.

The Habits of MindTM as identified by Costa and Kallick are:

  • Persisting
  • Managing impulsivity
  • Listening with Understanding and Empathy
  • Thinking Flexibly
  • Metacognition
  • Striving for Accuracy
  • Questioning and Posing Problem
  • Applying Past Knowledge to New Situations
  • Thinking and Communicating with Clarity and Precision
  • Gathering Data Through all Senses
  • Creating, Imagining and Innovating
  • Responding with Wonderment and Awe
  • Taking Responsible Risks
  • Finding Humor
  • Thinking Interdependently
  • Remaining Open to Continuous Learning

Dr Bena Kallick

Prof Arthur Costa

Dr Branton Shearer

Course : Habits Of S.U.C.C.E.S.S.-ful Students

Target: Primary students
Duration: 1 hour 30 mins per habits students


The duration of this workshop depends on the number of Habits chosen by the school. One Habit would be taught in a 1.5hr-long session. Our NIE and Habits of Mind trainers will explicitly teach students what the Habits look and sound like, and to experience them through games and activities. The students will also learn strategies and use mental models to habituate their habits and apply them to their school work.


  • To understand the nature of each Habit
  • To speak the lingo of each Habit
  • To experience each Habit
  • To transfer knowledge of the Habits to their school work

Course : HOM In Action

Target: Primary students


These series of workshops transfer the cognitive knowledge and explicit learning gained from the Habits of S.U.C.C.E.S.S. workshops into hands-on experiences. The Experiential Learning process supports students who habituate these Habits to implement them in their daily lives. The activities in these workshops focus on the application of the Habits in practical situations through skill-based repetition as well as transference into application in real-life scenarios.
Students apply the mental models taught in a skill-based
experiential learning approach to habituate the Habits.


  • To transfer cognitive strategies into practical situations
  • To deepen the understanding of each Habit
  • To transfer the Habits to day-to-day situations
  • To habituate each Habit

Course : Habits of Mind (HOM) Workshop for Staff Development

Target: School Teachers


This workshop is particularly useful to schools which are exploring the Habits of Mind. In the workshop, our trainers will take teachers through all the 16 Habits and share how HOM is implemented in schools. As there will be hands-on sessions during the workshop, teachers can expect to be fully engaged.

Unique Features
A quick way to understand HOM without having to read volumes of books.


  • To know why and how the Habits of Mind have been developed
  • To understand the nature of the Habits of Mind and the engine that drives them
  • To understand how HOM can be apply to a typical classroom lesson

Course : Habits of Mind Activate Series

Target: School Teachers


This series is ideal for schools which wish to implement the Habits of Mind as a whole-school approach. For best results, schools are expected to not only explicitly teach the Habits but also to infuse selected Habits into their instructional and non-instructional programmes.

Unique Features

  • Teachers will be able to use a set of strategies and mental models developed by the Centre in their direct as well as infusion lessons.
  • Complimentary 3 hours of teacher observation/conference.
  • A follow-up session to include 3 hours of free teacher observation/ conference.


  • To gain a deeper understanding of the Habits selected by the school
  • To cultivate HOM using mental models developed by the Centre
  • To craft and infuse HOM into their lesson plans and Scheme of Works

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